Mauritania facts
    Mauritania facts
    Name: Islamic Republic of Mauritania
    Capital: Nouakchott
    Largest city: Nouakchott
    Population: 4 million
    Currency: Ouguiya (MRO)
    Official language: Arabic
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Interesting Mauritania facts
Approximately three quarters of Mauritania is desert or semi-desert. Kediet ej Jill, near the city of Zouîrât, has an elevation of 915 meters (3,002 ft) and is the highest peak.



    fun Mauritania facts
    Mauritania is nearly 100% Muslim, with most inhabitants adhering to the Sunni denomination. The minority Sufi brotherhood, the Tijaniyah, has had great influence not only in the country, but in Senegal and Morocco as well. The Roman Catholic Diocese of Nouakchott, founded in 1965, serves the 4,500 Catholics in Mauritania. There are extreme restrictions on freedom of religion and belief in Mauritania
    Interesting Mauritania facts
    Mauritania is one of thirteen countries in the world which punishes atheism by death
    Interesting Mauritania facts
    The predominant spoken languages in Mauritania are Pulaar, Soninke, Hassaniya Arabic, Wolof, Bambara and French (widely used in the media and among educated classes, see African French). Arabic is the official language.
    Interesting Mauritania facts
    The local population is divided into three main ethnic tiers: Bidhan, Haratin, and West Africans. The Bidhan or Moors represent around 30% of residents. They speak Hassaniya Arabic, but are primarily of Sahrawi Berber origin. The Haratin constitute roughly 40% of the population. They are descendants of former slaves, and also speak Arabic. The remaining 30% of the population largely consists of various ethnic groups of West African descent. Among these are the Niger-Congo-speaking Halpulaar (Fulbe), Soninke, Bamara and Wolof.
    Interesting Mauritania facts
    Mauritania derives its name from the ancient Berber Kingdom of Mauretania, which existed from the 3rd century BC to the 7th century, in the far north of modern-day Morocco. Approximately 90% of Mauritania's land is within the Sahara and consequently the population is concentrated in the south, where precipitation is slightly higher.
    Interesting Mauritania facts
    The capital and largest city is Nouakchott, located on the Atlantic coast, which is home to around one-third of the country's 3.5 million people. The name Nouakchott is derived from Berber Nawākšūṭ (meaning "place of the winds")
    Fun Mauritania Facts
    Top 10 cities of Mauritania (2015 est.)
    Nouakchott: 1 million
    Nouadhibou: 120,000
    Kiffa: 50,000
    Mbera: 48,000
    Kaédi: 46,000
    Zouérat: 45,000
    Rosso: 35,000
    Sélibaby: 27,000
    Atar: 26,000
    Aïoun: 23,000